# 2015 – Michigan State University Co-Integrate Series

**Session Title: ***Challenges in Studying Opportunities to Learn Algebra and to Teach Algebra in Secondary Teacher Education Programs.*

**Description****: **For more than a century, algebra has served as both a foundation for higher mathematics and a gatekeeper for entrance to careers and college course work. The majority of states now require completion of Algebra I or Algebra II for high school graduation; many students now begin their study of algebra in Grade 8. In the past three decades, scholars and professional organizations have also made recommendations for changes in *what *algebra should be taught and *how* it should be taught. Mandates about who should take algebra and when, and debates about the algebra curriculum and instruction have raised questions about what algebra future teachers should know and how they should teach algebra. A natural question is “How and to what extent are pre-service teachers being prepared to teach algebra in this changing landscape?”

**Presenters: **Sharon L. Senk, Jeff Craig, Jia He, Leo Medel, and Eryn Stehr

**Presentation Time and Date: January 30, 2015 at 3:30 PM**

**Citation**: Senk, S., Craig, J., He, J. Medel, L., & Stehr, E.M. (2015, January). *Challenges in Studying Opportunities to Learn Algebra and to Teach Algebra in Secondary Teacher Education Programs.* Session presented as part of the Co-Integrate Seminar Series sponsored by Collaborative Research in Education, Assessment and Teaching Environments (CREATE) for STEM Institute at Michigan State University. East Lansing, MI. ()

# 2014 – Sixth Annual Graduate Academic Conference at Michigan State University

**Presenters: **Eryn M. Stehr and Lynette Guzman

**Presentation title:** Technology and algebra in secondary mathematics teacher preparation programs

**Presentation Date and Time:** Thursday, March 27, 2014 from 10:20 AM – 12:00 PM

**Abstract: **Most recently, the Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences has advocated for incorporating technology in secondary mathematics classrooms. Colleges and universities across the United States are incorporating technology to varying degrees into their mathematics teacher preparation programs. Additionally, a prominent focus of current mathematics education reform efforts involves preparing future secondary mathematics teachers to teach algebra due to a growing demand for algebra courses in middle school and high school. This study examines pre-service secondary mathematics teachers’ opportunities to expand their knowledge of algebra through the use of technology and to learn how to incorporate technology when teaching algebra in mathematics classrooms. Through this study, we explored the following research question: What opportunities do secondary mathematics teacher preparation programs provide for PSTs to encounter technologies in learning algebra and learning to teach algebra? We examined instructor interviews, student interviews and course instructional materials as data collected from a pilot study of three Midwestern teacher preparation programs conducted by a larger project investigating opportunities teacher preparation programs provide pre-service secondary mathematics teachers to learn algebra and to learn to teach algebra. Our data suggest that not all secondary mathematics teacher preparation programs integrate experiences with technology across mathematics courses. More specifically, we found that mathematics education courses integrate technology through learning experiences more commonly than in mathematics courses, and the mathematics courses may provide few experiences with technology to PSTs beyond strictly computational.

**Citation: **Stehr, E. & Guzman, L. (2014, March). *Examining Opportunities in Teacher Preparation Programs that Integrate Pre-service Secondary Teachers’ Experiences with Technology and Algebra.* Paper presented at the Sixth Annual Graduate Academic Conference at Michigan State University. East Lansing, MI. (link to presentation slides)

# 2014 – CREATE for STEM Institute Mini-Conference at Michigan State University

**Presenters: **Eryn M. Stehr and Lynette Guzman

**Presentation title:** Technology and algebra in secondary mathematics teacher preparation programs

**Presentation Date and Time:** Thursday, February 20, 2014 from 4:00 PM – 6:00 PM

**Abstract: **Most recently, the Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences has advocated for incorporating technology in secondary mathematics classrooms. Colleges and universities across the United States are incorporating technology to varying degrees into their mathematics teacher preparation programs. This study examines preservice secondary mathematics teachers’ opportunities to expand their knowledge of algebra through the use of technology and to learn how to incorporate technology when teaching algebra in mathematics classrooms. We explore the research question: What opportunities do secondary mathematics teacher preparation programs provide for PSTs to encounter technologies in learning algebra and learning to teach algebra? We examine data collected from a pilot study of three Midwestern teacher education programs conducted by the Preparing to Teach Algebra (PTA) project investigating algebra. Our data suggest that not all secondary mathematics teacher preparation programs integrate experiences with technology across mathematics courses, and that mathematics courses may provide few experiences with technology to PSTs beyond strictly computational.

**Citation: **Stehr, E. & Guzman, L. (2014, February). *Technology and algebra in secondary mathematics teacher preparation programs.* Poster presented at the CREATE for STEM Institute Mini-Conference at Michigan State University. East Lansing, MI.

# 2013 – Purdue Research Seminar

**Presenters: **Jill Newton, Vivian Alexander, Hyunyi Jung and Alexia Mintos

**Presentation title: **Preparing to Teach Algebra: A Study of Teacher Education

**Citation: **Newton, J., Alexander, V., Jung, H.Y., & Mintos, A. (2013, April). *Preparing to Teach Algebra: A Study of Teacher Education*. Invited speakers for a research seminar. West Lafayette, IN. (link to presentation slides)

# 2013 – Purdue Undergraduate Research Training Seminar

**Presenters: **Alexia Mintos, Hyunyi Jung, and Ali Brown

**Session title: ** Preparing Secondary Mathematics Teachers: Focus on Case Study

**Description:**During this seminar for undergraduate research trainees, we gave an overview of the PTA project and discussed the case study aspect of our work. We also talked about the rationale for using the case study method to answer our research questions.

**Citation: ** Mintos, A. Jung, H. & Brown, A. (2013, March). *Preparing Secondary Mathematics Teachers: Focus on Case Study*. Invited speakers for Purdue Undergraduate Research Training (URT) Seminar. West Lafayette, IN.

# 2013 – Discovery Park Undergraduate Internship (DURI) Poster Session

**Presenters:** Anavi Nahar

**Poster Title: ** What do I do with “x” once I find it?: A study of algebraic modeling in teacher education

**Abstract**: Given the importance of teaching algebra, this study seeks to answer the question “What opportunities do secondary mathematics teacher preparation programs provide to learn about algebra, algebra teaching, and issues in achieving equity in algebra learning?” Our data sources include a national survey, transcripts of instructor interviews of algebra-related courses, and corresponding course materials collected from five universities housing secondary mathematics teacher education programs. This analysis will provide a snapshot of what opportunities are provided in secondary mathematics education and has the potential to inform efforts to better prepare mathematics teachers.

**Citation: **Nahar, A. (2013, January). *What do I do with “x” once I find it?: A study of algebraic modeling in teacher education. *Poster presented at the Discovery Park Undergraduate Internship (DURI) Poster Session. West Lafayette, IN.

# 2012 – Purdue Annual Graduate Student Educational Research Symposium

**Presenters: **Hyunyi Jung and Alexia Mintos

**Poster title**: The Process of Developing Frameworks for Analyzing Pre-Service Teachers’ Opportunity to Learn How to Teach Algebra.

**Citation: **Jung, H. & Mintos, A. (2012, March), *The Process of Developing Frameworks for Analyzing Pre-Service Teachers’ Opportunity to Learn How to Teach Algebra.* Poster presented at the Annual Graduate Student Educational Research Symposium, West Lafayette, IN.